Unity in diversity is the gist of India in the same way we can find diversity in the establishment and functioning of the Indian universities. All universities are affiliated to University Grant Commission (UGC) but their affiliation is under different session. As per this diversity the type of funding for different university are also different. Beside the diversity there is unity among all university which is being reflected in the formation of AIU and their inter university activities. The universities established by an act of parliament gets high amount of funding from Ministry of HRD and UGC. The state’s universities affiliated under session 2(f) and 12(B) gets normal funding from state government and UGC but universities affiliated under session 2(f) only gets funding only from the state government neither from ministry of HRD of from UGC. Commission after commission from Dr. Radhakrishna to Prof. Yash Pal commission submits their reports on higher education and recommends various proposals. In the XI five year plan the central universities received 82.7% about 5,606 crore out of 6,776 crore where these universities are producing only 6% of the total student. The state’s universities and colleges produces 94% of the total student receives only 17.3% of the total amount.
To take a similarity in central university and state university the cabinet committee on economic affairs approves about 100,000/- (one laks crore) for National Higher Education Mission popularly known as Rastriya Ucchatara Sikshya Abhiyan (RUSA). The mission will run from XII and XIII plan period. Since independence this is the first time in the name of RUSA the central government grant a fund of one laksh crore. Under the mission the state public university and college will received the grant according to their performance. The state government of the respective university will initiate in the proper implementation of the funding by forming a state higher education council. The council will be the nodal agency in the state level to look in to the mission. In the mission the different types of states will receive funding in a particular ratio, which will be provided by both central and state government. Seven sisters’ state of the North East with Jammu and Kashmir will get in a ratio of 90:10 Three special category states include Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Uttrakhand will receive fund in 75:25 ratio. Universities of the remaining states will receive fund in a ratio of 65:35.
The primary focus of the mission is on autonomy, practical training and research. On the way to provide more autonomy the mission have plan to transfer 45 leading autonomous colleges out of 441 in to unitary university. The state public higher education institutes are now on the way to reach the level of central government institution like IIT, NIT, IIM and IIMC. The institutes of national importance always provides more practical knowledge as compare to theoretical study, now we can aspects practical knowledge from state public sector institutes. In the current scenario if we analyses the funding policy and other resources receives till now by the institute of national importance are too much as compare to state institutes. More ever after the implementation of RUSA the way opened forward for states public sector university and colleges to provide more and more quality education.
M.Sc. (Electronic Media)
M.Sc. (Electronic Media)